The first “Know Your Weaves” post covered the terms “warp” and “weft,” plus the plain weave, satin weave, and twill weave. Here are a few more common weaves you ought to know.
Basket weave: Just like the plain weave, only two or more warp yarns pass over two or more weft yarns.
Rib weave: another variation of the plain weave. In the plain weave, one weft yarn might go over-under-over-under the warp yarn, then the next weft yarn will alternate, going under-over-under-over etc. In a rib weave, two or more weft yarns have the same over-under-over-under pattern, then one will go under-over. This one weft row recedes under the more prominent weft rows, creating a rib effect. The rib effect can also be achieved by using heavier or more weft yarns than warp yarns.
Jacquard weave: produced by a jacquard loom, which controls the each warp yarn independently and uses various weaves to create motifs and patterns in the fabric.
Leno weave: paired warp yarns are entwined, then the weft is driven through the loops. See a graphic here.